This Syngonium Arrowhead plant care guide will help you get gorgeous and healthy houseplant vines. There are different types of Syngoniums to choose from and are differentiated by the variegations, leaf patterns, and colors. Syngonium is an easy houseplant to care for even for new plant owners. They can be grown successfully as indoor plants, placed outside on patios or in planters.
Syngonium Arrowhead Plant Care
Syngonium is a fast-growing plant. They also produce flat, broad leaves that look amazing. The leaves have different colors and patterns. Most people, including myself, grow the plants for their foliage.
The plant produces vines which makes it perfect for all types of planters and baskets.
Syngonium Arrowhead Varieties
Some of the common varieties Glo Glo, Mini Allusion, White Butterfly, and Berry Allusion.
Syngonium Soil Requirements
When it comes to the soil mix, Syngonium Arrowhead plants love a well-draining soil. If you have the standard soil mix you can grow your Syngoniums successfully.
I normally pot Syngonium Arrowhead plants in a DIY soil mix. The soil mix consists of peat moss, compost, bark, perlite. Make sure the ratio of the peat moss is as high as 70%.
If you add too much perlite, the soil will become too porous and the plant roots will not be able to get water properly before it drains out. You will find that you have to increase the watering frequency.
Syngonium love when the soil dries out in between watering. They don’t like the soil to dry out too much in between watering sessions. If you let the soil dry out too much, the leaves will begin to dry and fall out beginning at the bottom.
When watering the indoor plants, you have to find a balance between overwatering and underwatering. Once you do, the plants will be happy and will grow, produce new gorgeous leaves, and thrive.
One of the ways of knowing that your Syngoniums are underwatered is droopy leaves. It’s important to note that bending stems can also indicate a lack of sufficient light.
Underwatered plants will get crisp leaves with brown tips. This is the stage just before the plant’s leaves dying off.
Syngonium can do well without any special fertilizer. I use the same fertilizer I use for all my other houseplants to feed the Syngonium Arrowhead plants. I normally use a diluted liquid complete fertilizer.
Fertilize the Syngoniums once every two weeks during the growing season. Older plants can be top-dressed with worm casting or compost. I normally add the two when I am repotting my older plants.
The best temperature for Syngoniums averages around 210 C (70 0 F)or above during daytime and 150 C (600 F) or above during night time. These plants don’t like to grow below 600 although they can tolerate it, they won’t grow as healthy or as fast.
Syngonium can tolerate various levels of humidity. However, the higher the humidity the better they do. In general, the plants love a nice warm humid environment. High levels of humidity help prevent crispy leaf tips.
If you can keep the humidity at around 60% to 70% you should be good. If you are having trouble keeping up the humidity levels in your home, you can get a humidifier.
You can also place the potted plant in a flat tray filled with water and pebbles. When the water evaporates, it helps maintain the humidity at the required levels. You can also keep the plants in groups.
Syngonium Light Requirements
Syngonium Arrowhead plants are generally adaptable to different levels of lighting. The more light-colored varieties are more sensitive to light compared to the darker varieties.
If the locations where you want to place the Syngonium has low light, you should consider getting a variety that has darker leaves. The greener the leaves, the less light they need. The highly variegated varieties with shades of white require medium to bright light to be happy.
Check the new growth in your plant to see how they are behaving to determine if the plant is getting enough light.
If you’re growing your Syngoniums as outdoor plants, provide them with filtered sun or bright indirect light. They can also tolerate a little bit of morning and evening sun which is less scorching.
It’s important to note that direct sun can damage the pretty leaves and cause brown patches. Be careful not to get direct Sun on your Syngonium. Regardless of whether you’re growing them outside or indoor.
Syngonium can produce long vines especially when they are allowed to grow freely. If you are growing your plant in a hanging basket, you can allow them to cascade and vine down.
However, if you are growing them in a planter or pot you can decide to stake the vines. The plant produces aerial roots that attach to wood, moss poles, or any other material that you might use for staking.
Arrowhead Pests and Diseases
The majority of the common pests will leave Arrowhead plants alone. Pest management is not an important part of Syngonium Arrowhead plant care. When grown as both house plants and outdoor plants, Syngoniums often grow to maturity without facing many pests or disease challenges.
However, they can still be attacked by some aphids and mealybugs especially when growing in the same space as other infected plants. Keep an eye out for early signs of pests and control them using neem oil. Some of the signs to look out for include twisting, curling, or stunted leaves.
Pruning Arrowhead Vines
As Syngoniums grow they begin to vine and pruning is part of Syngonium Arrowhead plant care. Some people don’t like the vines and want their plants to grow big and maintain a compact bushy form. To maintain the shape, pruning becomes necessary.
Pruning is also needed when the plant is growing out of control and getting on other plants and other stuff in the space. The pruned vines don’t have to be thrown away; they can be successfully propagated into beautiful plants.
You should also prune your plants when they get yellow leaves as well as brown tips. Some of the issues that should be addressed include overwatering or underwatering.
Yellow leaves can also be caused by overfertilization resulting in a mineral buildup in the soil. If this is the case, the best way to address it is through leaching the plant.
The problem can also be caused by low levels of humidity when the environment is too dry. Raising the humidity levels will mitigate the problem.
You can repot your plants when you notice they are getting root-bound. Syngonium Arrowhead plants are fast growers. They can be comfortably repotted after about two years.
Remove your plant, break down the roots, and establish it in a bigger pot half-filled with soil mix. Fill the sides with soil and press it down to ensure that it does not grow slanted.
Propagating Syngoniums is easy. The plants root easily and it’s easy to get many new plants from a single mother plant.
Propagation can be done either through water or soil method. Make a cutting below several nodes. For the best results, you can look for a node that already has an aerial root.
If you’re using the water propagation method, put the cutting in water jars and just wait for the nodes to produce roots. Remember to change the water frequently to keep it fresh.
If you are propagating in soil, make small holes, and stick the cuttings in the soil and water them immediately. Keep the soil moist and wait for the roots to form.
Arrowhead Poisonous to Pets
The Syngonium Arrowhead plants are toxic to both cats and dogs. The plant is poisonous and can cause tongue and mouth irritation if ingested. If your pet chews on large amounts of the plant, it can experience vomiting, drooling, as well as difficulty swallowing. Check this article on 50 Pet Safe Indoor Houseplants.
Syngonium produces spectacular foliage in different colors and shades. They are easy to grow and are available in many different varieties. Every plant owner should try these awesome plants in pots.
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